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L esson 1 bazaar[bə'zɑ:] (n.): (in Oriental countries)a market or street of shops and stalls(东方国家的)市 场,集市 spice Bazaar 香料市场 cavern['kæv(ə)n] (n.): a cave,esp.a large cave 洞穴,山洞(尤指大洞穴,大山洞) shadowy (adj.): dim;indistinct 有阴影的,模糊的,朦胧的 harmonious[hɑ:'məʊnɪəs] (adj.): having musical tones combined to give a pleasing effect; consonant(音调)和谐的, 悦耳的 harmonious socialist society 社会主义和谐社会 harmoniously adv. harmony n. family harmony thread one’s way: move through carefully or slowly,changing direction frequently as moving 小 心,缓慢地挤过(不断地改变方向) 例:Slowly she threaded her way back through the moving mass of people.她慢慢挤过熙熙攘 攘的人群往回走。

throng (n.): a great number of people gathered together; crowd 人群; 群集 ~s of people 涌向 v. The crowds ~ed into stadium. conceivable (adj.): that can be conceived,imagined 可想象的,想得到的 din (n.): a loud,continuous noise 喧闹声,嘈杂声 ware 货物,陶器,器皿 porter 行李搬运工,守门人,门房,服务员 would-be(adj.): intended to be 预期成为……的;将要成为……的 penetrate ['penɪtreɪt]mutedvaulted['vɔ:ltɪd]overwhelm sepulchral [sɪ'pʌlkr(ə)l]follow suit penetrate ['penɪtreɪt]v. get into, pass through ~ into 刺入、透入~through 穿透 We cannot ~ into the nature of substance. 我们无法渗透到物质的本质中。

muted (adj.): (of a sound)made softer than as usual(声音)减弱的 vaulted['vɔ:ltɪd] (adj.): having the form of a vault;arched 穹窿形的;拱形的 overwhelm affect sb. very strongly 强烈地影响 Sightseers may be a little overwhelmed by the crowds and noise. 观光者可能被人群和噪声搞得有点不知所措。

sepulchral [sɪ'pʌlkr(ə)l] (n.): adj. 阴森森的,阴沉的,坟墓的,丧葬的 follow suit: to do the same as someone else has done 赶潮流,学样 e.g. Many young girls are fond of following suit at present.时下许多年轻女孩热衷于赶潮流。

peculiarity [pɪ,kjuːlɪ'æ rɪtɪ]guildtrestlepersecutionveilpreliminarybeat down peculiarity [pɪ,kjuːlɪ'æ rɪtɪ]n. 特性,特质,怪癖 nutritive peculiarity 营养特性

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knit v. 编织,结合 n. 编织衣物 The best thing about sports is that they knit the whole family together. 体育运动最大的好处就是将全家紧密连接起来。

a closer-knit family guild (n.): any association for mutual aid and the promotion of common interests 协会,互助会 persecution n. economic ~ 经济 victims of political ~ 的受害 trestle (n.): a frame consisting of a horizontal beam fastened to two pairs of spreading legs,used to support planks to form a table,platform,etc.支架;脚手台架;搁凳,高架桥,栈桥 veil n. 面纱,面罩,遮蔽物 v. 蒙上面纱 bridal veil 新娘面纱 preliminary n. 准备,预赛,初步措施;adj. 初步的,开始的,预备的 ~ estimate, ~test, ~design beat down: bargain with(seller), causing seller to lower price(与卖主)往下砍价 e.g. It is necessary to know how to beat down the price when bargaining. 在与卖主讲价时应该知 道怎样压价。

yield v.屈服,投降 make a point of: regard or treat it as necessary 认为……是必要的 e.g. The teachers make a point of setting strict demands on the students.老师们认为为学生制定 严格的要求是很必要的 deprive v. 使丧失,剥夺 deprive sb. of sth. ~ them of education at intervals 时时,不时,相隔一定时间或距离 occur at irregular ~ 不定期发生 at required ~ 在规定时间 It rained at ~ this month. 这个月不时地下雨。

His speech was interrupted by applause at ~. 他的演讲不时地被掌声打断。

impinge[ɪm'pɪn(d)ʒ] (v. ) : strike,hit,or dash;have an effect 撞击,冲击,冲撞;对……具 有影响 impinge against sth. fairyland (n.): the imaginary land where the fairies live;a lovely enchanting place 仙境;奇境 Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland burnish (v.): make or become shiny by rubbing;polish 擦亮;磨光;抛光 burnish one’s image innumerable 无数的,数不清的 brazier['breɪzɪə] (n.): a metal pan, bowl, etc. , to hold burning coals or charcoal, as for warming a room or grilling food 火盆;火钵 take a hand: join to help 帮助,帮忙 e.g. When you meet troubles we are glad to take a hand ourselves. 当你遇到困难时我们愿意帮助你。

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apprentice[ə'prentɪs]n. 学徒 charcoaln. 木炭,炭笔 v. 用木炭画 bellows ['beləʊz] (n.)(单复同)风箱 glowing adj. 灼热的,热情洋溢的,鲜艳的 dim (v.): make or grow unclear(使)变暗淡;(使)变模糊 rhythmic /rhythmical['rɪðmɪkəl] (adj.): having rhythm 有韵律的;有节奏的/rhythmically stroke 打击,中风,轻抚,笔画 engravev.雕刻,铭记~ one’s name on the back of watch/in the stone a wedding ring engraved with her name Her image is engraved upon my heart. intricate['ɪntrɪkət] (adj.): complex;hard to follow or understand because full of puzzling parts, details,or relationships;full of elaborate detail 错综复杂的;精心制作的 intricate systems profusion[prə'fjuːʒ(ə)n] n. 丰富,充沛,慷慨 color ~ 颜色绚丽 a delightful river with a ~ of wild flowers along its banks 一条令人愉悦的河,岸上开满了鲜花 bold[bəʊld] 大胆的,英勇的,黑体的,险峻的 ~ line 粗线 ~ italic 粗斜体 a ~ daring rebel 英勇无畏的反叛者 a ~ move 大胆的举动 act ~ly 表现大胆 exotic (adj.): strange or different in a way that is striking or fascinating 奇异的;异常迷人的 sumptuous['sʌm(p)tjʊəs] (adj.): involving great expense;costly lavish 豪华的;奢侈的;昂贵 的 luxurious maze (n.): a confusing,intricate network of winding pathways 迷津;迷宫;曲径 honeycomb['hʌnɪkəʊm] ( v.): fill with holes like a honeycomb 使成蜂窝状;把…弄得 adj. 似蜂巢的 n. 蜂巢,蜂巢状之物 comb: n. 梳子;蜂巢;鸡冠 comb honey 巢蜜,蜂窝蜜 sunlit['sʌnlɪt] adj. 阳光照射的 mosque[mɒsk] (n.): a Moslem temple or place of worship 清真寺;伊斯兰教堂 caravanserai[,kærə'vænsəraɪ] (n.): in the Orient.a kind of inn with a large central court,where caravans stop for the night 东方商队(或旅行队)的客店 disdainful (adj.): feeling or expressing disdain;scornful and aloof;proud 轻视的,轻蔑的;傲 慢的/disdainfully adv. bale (n.): a large bundle 大包,大捆 linseed['lɪnsiːd] (n.): the seed of flax 亚麻籽 sombre['sɔmbə] (adj.): dark and gloomy or dull 阴沉的;昏暗的 axle['æ ks(ə)l] n. 车轴,轮轴 attendant n. 服务员,侍者,随从 adj. 伴随的,侍候的

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pulp (n.): a soft,moist,formless mass that sticks together 黏浆状物质;果肉;纸浆 v. 成为浆 状,变为纸浆 extract[ˈekstrækt] v. 榨取,提取,取出 n. 汁,榨出物 ~ a few figures 摘录数据,extraction of oil 石油的提炼 muscular['mʌskjʊlə] adj. 肌肉的,肌肉发达的,强健的 stately adj. 庄严的,宏伟的 ramshackle['ræmʃæk(ə)l] (adj.): 1ikely to fall to pieces ; shaky 要 倒 塌 似的, 摇 摇欲 坠 beam[biːm] n. 横梁 v. 照射,流露,堆满笑容 pulley['pʊlɪ] n. 滑轮 v. 用滑轮升起 dwarf (v.): make small or insignificant;make seem small in comparison 使矮小;使无足轻重; 使(相形之下)显得渺小;使相形见绌 n. adj. shovel['ʃʌv(ə)l] v. 铲除 n. 铁铲,铲车,一铲的量 vat[væt] (n.): a large tank,tub,or cask for holding liquids 大缸;大桶 nimble (adj.): moving or acting quickly and lightly 灵活的;敏捷的/nimbly adv. throw one’s weight on to (sth.): use all one's strength to press down 使劲压在(某物) e.g. The doctor throws his weight on to the patient’s chest,but it does not work.医生使尽全身 力气压住病人的胸口,但是无济于事。

set…in motion: set sth. going;launch 使…运动,移动 e.g. Before the gasoline is discovered, people use diesel oil to set the engine in motion. 在发现汽 油之前,人们使用柴油来发动引擎。

girder (n.): a large beam, usually horizontal, of timber or steel for supporting the joists of a floor, the framework of a building the superstructure of a bridge,etc.大梁 trickle (n.): a slow, small flow 细流;滴 ooze[u:z] (v.): flow or leak out slowly,as through very small holes 渗出;慢慢地流 Blood still oozing from the wound. runnel['rʌn(ə)l] (n.): runnel a small stream;little brook or rivulet;a small channel or watercourse 小溪;小沟;小槽 glisten['glɪs(ə)n] (v.): shine or sparkle with reflected light, as a wet or polished surface; flash(湿的 表面或光滑面)反光;闪耀,闪光 Dewdrops glisten in the morning sun. taut (adj.): tightly stretched,as a rope(绳子等)拉紧的,绷紧的 creak n. 嘎吱嘎吱声 squeaking n. 吱吱叫,尖叫,机会 v. 吱吱叫,告密,侥幸成功 mice ~ 老鼠吱叫 rumbling n. 隆隆声,辘辘声 grunt n.咕哝,呼噜声 v. 咕哝着说,发出呼噜声

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Lesson 2 stationmaster n. 火车站站长 reportorial[,rɛpɚ'tɔrɪəl] (adj.): reporting 报道的,报告的 preoccupation (n.): a matter which takes up an one's attention 令人全神贯注的事物 sidewalk n. 人行道 kimono[kɪ'məʊnəʊ] (n.): a loose out garment with short,wide sleeve and a sash。

part of the traditional costume of Japanese men and women 和服 oblivious[ə'blɪvɪəs] (adj.): forgetful or unmindful(usually with of or to)忘却的;健忘的(常与 of 或 to 连用) bob (v.): move or act in a bobbing manner, move suddenly or jerkily; to curtsy quickly 上下跳动,晃动 ritual['rɪtʃʊəl] ( adj.): of or having the nature of,or done as a rite or rites 仪式的,典礼的 formula n. 方案,公式,准则 facade[fə'sɑːd] ( n.) :the front of a building; part of a building facing a street, courtyard, etc. (房 屋)正面,门面 pop v. 砰然声,发出爆裂声,枪击 adj. 流行的 adv. 忽然,砰地 grin v.& n. 露齿笑,咧着嘴笑 rear[rɪə]adj.&dv. 后面的, 向后的 n. 后方,臀部 ~ wheel, ~-view mirror martyred ['mɑrtɚd]adj. 有牺牲精神的,故作苦状的 v. 杀害,折磨 lurch[lɜːtʃ] (v.): roll,pitch,or sway suddenly forward or to one side 突然向前(或向侧面)倾 twist n. & v. 扭曲,扭动,弯曲 ~ one’s ankle 扭伤脚踝 ~ the ring 旋转戒指 screech v.&n. (车辆轮胎摩擦路面而) 发嘎吱声,发出尖锐的声音 He heard the screech of brakes.他听到了刹车的尖而刺耳声。

The figure gave a screech.那个人影发出了一声尖叫。

haltn.&v. 停止 intermezzo[,ɪntə'metsəʊ] (n.): a short piece of music played alone.or one which connects longer pieces 插曲;间奏曲 gigantic[dʒaɪ'gæ ntɪk] (adj.): very big;huge;colossal;immense 巨大的,庞大的,其大无 比的 usher['ʌʃə] ( n.): an official doorkeeper 门房;传达员 heave (v): utter(a sign,groan, etc.)with great effort or pain(费劲或痛苦地)发出(叹息、呻吟声等) sketch v.&n. 梗概,索描,略图 a ~ of a sodier canal embankment 运河堤岸 barge[bɑːdʒ] ( n.) :a large boat,usually flat—bottomed,for carrying heavy freight on rivers, canals,etc.;a large pleasure boat,esp. one used for state ceremonies,pageants,etc.大驳 船;(尤指用于庆典的)大型游艇

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moor[mɔː; mʊə] (v.) :hold(a ship, etc. )in place by cables or chains to the shore, or by anchors, etc.系泊;锚泊 arresting (adj.) :attracting attention;interesting;striking 引人注目的;有趣的 adrift adj.&adv. 漂浮的,随波逐流的,茫然 Amy had the growing sense that she was adrift and isolated. 埃米有越来越强的茫然与孤独感。

beige[beɪʒ] (adj.): grayish—tan 米黄色;浅灰黄色的 concret adj. 混凝土的,具体的 v.&n. 凝结,使凝固 ~ evidence 具体的证据 reinforced concret 钢筋混凝土 incessant adj. 不断的,不停的,连续的 ~ rain stunning (adj.): [colloq.]remarkably attractive,excellent[口]极其漂亮的;极其出色的 porcelain['pɔːs(ə)lɪn]n. 瓷器 tread[tred]n.踏,踏板,脚底或轮胎上的花纹 v. 踩 tatami[tə'tɑːmɪ] (n.): [Jap.]a floor mat woven of rice straw, used traditionally in Japanese homes for sitting on,as when eating[日]日本人家里铺在地板上的稻草垫,榻榻米 twinge ( n.): a sudden,brief,darting pain or pang;a sudden.brief feeling of remorse,shame, etc.刺痛,剧痛;痛心,懊悔,悔恨,内疚 bombardment[bɒm'bɑːdm(ə)nt] n. 轰炸,炮击 slay (v.): (slew[sluː]或 slayed, slain,slaying)kill or destroy in a violent way 杀害;毁掉 linger['lɪŋgə] (v.): continue to live or exist although very close to death or the end 苟延;历久犹 存~ time 延迟时间 His last words still ~ in our ears. 他的临终嘱咐仍萦绕在我们耳际。

There they linger for two or three weeks. 他们在那里消磨两三个星期。

The scent of her perfume ~ed on in this room. 她的香水在房间里久久不散。

agony['æ gənɪ] (n.): very great mental or physical pain(精神上或肉体上的)极度痛苦 in ~ The old woman expired in agony. 这位老妇人在痛苦中断气。

During that year of agony, everything stopped for me. inhibit[ɪn'hɪbɪt] (v.): hold back or keep from some action,feeling,etc 抑制(感情等); 约束(行 动等) spinal['spaɪn(ə)l] (adj.) :of or having to do with the spine or spinal cord 脊背的;脊柱的; 脊髓 spinal column 脊柱 agitated['æ dʒɪteɪtɪd] ( adj.) :shaken;perturbed;excited 颤抖的;不安的,焦虑的;激动的

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